Consumers use cost-benefit analysis in order to maximize utility. They do this when they are faced with a decision to make. They list the costs of the product, make a list of pros and cons for the product, and they compare costs and benefits to other locations that have this good and see which is larger. Consumers make different decisions when using this process because some goods have a larger pros list than cons and vice versa.
The Value in opportunity cost and in the given examples has two kind of values: value of time and monetary value
For each choice I make, there is an opportunity cost. Opportunity cost is the real cost of an item, what I must give up in order to
List and briefly explain the four lessons of individual decision making. Describe an important trade-off you recently faced. Describe an incentive your parents offered you in an effort to influence your behaviour.
Every day of our lives, we make choices. Some of these choices are very difficult, while others might be so easy that they are subconscious. Each decision we make comes with a downfall. That is the next best option we could have chosen or what we call the opportunity cost of making the decision that we did!
There are two kinds of errors people make when trying to decide what the right thing is to do, and those are errors in estimating the odds that they're going to succeed, and errors in estimating the value of their own success.
In economics, costs can be defined as the price paid to acquire, produce, accomplish, or maintain anything. (Dictionary.reference.com, retrieved 4/6/09). Cost can be the amount paid or required in payment
When most of us think of the words opportunity cost, price, production, and service, we think of something related to obtaining or giving something. According to Merriam-Webster, opportunity cost is defined as, the added cost of using resources (as for production or speculative investment) that is the difference between the actual value resulting from such use and that of an alternative (as another use of the same resources or an investment of equal risk but greater return). Price, is defined as the amount of money that you pay for something or that something costs. Production, is defined as the process of making or growing something for sale or use, and lastly, service, is defined as, the occupation or function of serving. Milton Friedman, an American economist, would say, nothing in live is free, that is, if you want something, you have to give something. These four words can all be tied together and used to give and receive. We can either use it to our benefit or simply perform it. We could get the most out of life using these four words, opportunity cost, price, production, and service, by primary accepting that everything in life is obtained at a cost, acknowledging that they can be used as forward-looking concepts, and agreeing to do everything yourself instead of hiring someone to do it in your place.
Opportunity cost means giving up something of value or importance to you to achieve a particular goal or outcome. It is a chance that causes you to miss out on something you want, but an individual can benefit by gaining something for the opportunity they accepted.
Sexton (2013) refers to opportunity cost as the chance given up because another choice was made instead. That means if I’m faced with two options and I can only choose one, the one I didn’t choose is the opportunity cost.
Parts of opportunity cost are explicit costly (money spent along the project to make it happen, for the task to be done perfectly money and labor need to be involved, e.g. Boss paid workers for their project, students pay tuition to enroll in class and all other amenities involved.) and implicit cost (one’s time value or origin in the next best alternative. The time incorporated in order to run out the next best option).
Opportunity cost is the value of the next best alternative in a decision. Imagine that you have $150 to see a concert. You can either see "Hot Stuff" or you can see "Good Times Band." Assume that you value Hot Stuff's concert at $225 and Good Times' concert at $150. Both concerts cost $150 per ticket, but it would take you a couple of hours to drive to Hot Stuff's concert and you have to be in school (the next) morning for an exam. Good Times' concert is right here in town. Explain how you would assess the opportunity cost of seeing Good Times in concert. What is the opportunity cost of going to Good Times' concert?
-The opportunity cost of something is what you must give up of one thing, in order to get it. Opportunity cost is a key concept of economics because it is described as expressing the basic relationship between scarcity and choice. Opportunity cost plays a crucial part in ensuring that scarce resources are used efficiently.
In general, cost means the amount of expenditure (actual or notional) incurred on, or attributable to a given thing.