Optimism And Pessimism And Optimism

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Optimism is "a disposition or tendency to look to the more favourable side of events or conditions and to expect the most favourable condition" ("optimism", n.d.). Counter to optimism is pessimism which is "the tendency to anticipate only bad or undesirable outcomes" ("pessimism", n.d.). When looking at optimism it is important to look at the opposing side to emphasis the unwelcome effects of thinking negatively in terms of wellbeing which in the long term could be detrimental to health and prosperity. Generally, optimism has been related to better subjective wellbeing in challenging and difficult moments throughout life and it has been found to be consistent with the ability to cope better in complex and sufferable situations (Carver et al., 2010). Additional to this, optimism is said to improve upon various outcomes in relation to: mental health, physical health, performance in daily activities and personal relationships (Scheier & Carver, 1985).
One particular piece of research has looked directly at optimism and pessimism in relation to postpartum depression. Carver and Gaines conducted this research by looking at life changing events; in this particular case, the birth of a child. One assessment of depressive mood and optimism was made several weeks before the birth of the child and the second assessment was 3 weeks postpartum where their emotional wellbeing was measured by a scale named the LOT (Life Orientation Test derived from Carver and Scheier*) and another scale
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