Optimism in Modern Psychology: The Power of Positive Thinking

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Throughout history great minds have wondered how individuals differed, and why they acted in particular ways. Traits are defined as non-ending dimensions of personality on which people vary (Carver, C., & Scheier M. 2012). Once traits were established they were researched and investigated for their own unique and credible differences from other traits. One interesting trait that has been extensively researched is optimism. From the great lyrical workings of Voltaire, whose stances were those of fact and intellectualized conclusions, to the life changing writings of Eleanor Porter, optimism as a trait was a unique and complex concept. In Voltaire’s writings there were glimpses of “non-rational thoughts among rational arguments” (Rockett, K.…show more content…
The point of the novel is not the game but the ability of someone to forever change their way of thinking after reading the book and perhaps playing the game in real life situations. These have deep connecting with optimism and the power to change negative thoughts into positive ones. {Alice Mills”} While discovering the first writers to discuss or form the workings of optimism, the concrete definitions set by other psychologists must be stated.
Definitions and Real World Examples
“A useful definition of optimism was offered by anthropologist (Peterson, C. (2000). Lionel Tiger (1979): “a mood or attitude associated with an expectation about the social or material future one which the evaluator regards as socially desirable to his [or her] advantage, or for his [or her] pleasure”. The basic stance of Lionel Tiger’s definition of optimism is that there is no single or objective optimism at least not as characterized by its content (Tiger, L. 1993). What the individual deems desirable it what optimism is considered to be. Lionel goes on to explain how “Emotional Flavor” must be included in the context, and real world examples must also be considered, such as how an individual was feeling on any particular day, or how pessimistic that might be as a person (Tiger, L. 1993). An example listed by Lionel in the real world is two college roommates. One roommate is more emotionally
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