Oracle Essay

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Oracle- Database Management System

Data management is an extraordinarily old craft. Aristotle's scheme of interlocking classifications of knowledge in his work Physica is a data-management effort. In the early 1800s the Jacquard loom used holes punched in paper cards to represent instructions for controlling the action of a loom. These cards became the basis for Herman Hollerith’s card-sorting device, used for the 1890 U.S. census http://80-gme.grolier.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com. Many database programs were designed around the physical cards: the maximum information that could be encoded on a punch card became the length of a standard record. In 1970 Ted Codd researched and documented for IBM a “mathematically consistent and complete
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Original databases lacked standardization; data could only be moved between databases created with the same data-management software http://80-gme.grolier.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com. Advantages of DBMS are easy and quick retrieval of information, effortless manipulation of information to assist with reporting in any order, control of data (which fields and records) are displayed at any one time. Database standards began to emerge in the late 1970s; it’s now common to move large quantities of data from one program to another. DBMS ensure data availability, quick application development, and crash recovery. Utilizing DBMS also ensures simultaneous execution of multiple programs.
“In 1976 computer software designer Wayne Ratliff, working at the NASA Ames Research Center, began to design a construction kit program for building databases on personal computers” http://80-gme.grolier.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com. Its most valuable component was the dbase procedural language, based in part on DB2, a mainframe database. dbase became one of the top selling computer programs for personal use. Dozens of database management programs are now available with their own procedural languages built in. Oracle’s eccentric, often outspoken CEO, offered the most recent one million dollar "bet-the-company strategy." He challenged companies to try Oracle9i Application server and 8i Database and to promote their capabilities they

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