Oral Communication in English: Form, Function, and Strategies

2266 WordsJul 10, 201110 Pages
Foreword Oral communication help students to improve their self, it fulfills a number of general and discipline-specific pedagogical functions. Learning to speak is an important goal in itself, for it equips students with a set of skills they can use for the rest of their lives. Speaking is the mode of communication most often used to offer explanations, transmit information, express opinions, make arguments and make impressions upon others. Students need to speak well in their personal lives, future workplaces, social interactions, and political endeavors. If basic instruction and opportunities to practice speaking are available, students position themselves to accomplish a wide range of goal and be useful members of their communities.…show more content…
For example, a speaker may find a difficulty in persuading the audience to change their bad smoking habit if they are not psychologically ready to accept the charge. 1.1.3 Feedback Feedback is the receiver’s response towards the source. For example, when we agree with a person’s statement, we usually nod while he or she is explaining the subject. A feedback informs the sender that the receiver has received the message conveyed. In the process of influencing or informing others, feedbacks are very important to measure the effectiveness of communication. 1.1.4 Message The message is the content of the communication process like ideas or emotions. The source encodes the message into verbal codes such as in writings or speeches. The message can also be encoded into nonverbal codes. For example, a weeping person may convey a message of sadness. 1.1.5 Noise Noise means anything that causes communication to be ineffective. Through Beeba and Redmond (1999) define noise as “anything, either literal or psychological, that interferes the clear reception and interpretation of a message”. Psychological noises such as uncontrollable emotions or preconceived ideas about something or someone may causes communication to be ineffective. For example, we may not want to listen to a politician, who is known to be corrupt. 1.1.6 Receiver The receiver also knows as the decoder and it is the person or party, who receives the message.

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