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Oral Health In Australia

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Figure 2. Dental practitioners registered in 2013 From: Oral health and dental care in Australia: key facts and figures 2015 (Chrisopoulos S, Harford JE & Ellershaw A 2016, p. 66)

Figure 3 Dental practitioners employed in 2013 From: Oral health and dental care in Australia: key facts and figures 2015 (Chrisopoulos S, Harford JE & Ellershaw A 2016, p. 66).

2 Social determinants of oral health
Social determinants of health defined as the structural factors and conditions in daily life that contribute to health inequities They directly impact a person’s ability to achieve good health outcomes, consisting of social and physical environments, individual behaviours and genetics, as well as the health-care system (FDI World Dental Federation
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6).

3. Oral health of children and adolescent in Australia
During the middle 70s to the middle 90s, the tooth decay significantly decreased. It was probably as the result of a better access to fluoridated drinking water, the use of fluoride toothpastes, the impact of preventive oral health programmes and the practices of good oral health hygiene (Australian Government 2015). Internationally, Australian children have enjoyed high level of oral health services and access. Compared to the OCD country, Australian children is in the second lowest that has permanent teeth with caries experience at age 12 (Spencer 2006). Unfortunately, those achievements cannot deny that, in fact, children dental decay is the most prevalent health problem in Australia. Among children, decay is five times more prevalent compared to asthma and the severity increase according to disadvantage (Chrisopoulos, Harford & Ellershaw 2016).

The extreme and very extensive dental decay often need treatment under general anaesthetic in hospital which is most frequent reason for children under the age of 15 years (Department of Health, Government of South Australia 2012). Among all age groups, the highest average number of teeth with untreated decay is aged 6 children with dmf-t 1.12, while the lowest is children aged 10 with dmf-t 0.51 (Ha, Amarasena & Crocombe,
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Some factors such as availability of transportation, distances for travel between population centres and oral health services, access to childcare and the opportunity to take time away from work access may determine access to dental services (Curtis et al. 2007; Godwin 2014). The pattern of dental visit among people from rural and remote areas of Australia shows that there is geographic inequalities in accessing dental care (Schwarz 2006). Rural communities show characteristics that can negatively affect the availability of health care and rural populations attend dental services less frequently than urban populations. Moreover, because of the small population size, effective care facilities can be unsustainable and inefficient. The combination of socioeconomically disadvantaged and Indigenous peoples and geographical isolation can exacerbate disadvantage rural healthcare provision (Godwin
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