Oratory Of Galla Placidia ( Mosaic Gold ) And Stucco
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1. Oratory of Galla Placidia is also known as the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia and is located in Ravenna, Italy. The style is Mosaic and the medium is small pieces of material which are smalti, gold leaf tesserae (mosaic gold)and stucco. It was created in the years of 425 to 430 A.D. and its size is not recorded.
The historical data regarding the Oratory of Galla Placidia is it was previously the site of the oratory of the Church of the Holy Cross and now houses the bodies of Roman royalty. The notable Roman royalty which is thought to reside there is Galla Placidia, who is thought have the largest sarcophagus of the three present there. Galla Placidia was the daughter of Roman Emperor Theodosius and had a fondness for art. The other two Sarcophagi are believed to be holding her husband Emperor Constantius III while the other is debated with either the sarcophagus holding her son Emperor Valentinian III or brother Emperor Honorius. Galla Placidia is thought to have commissioned this artwork, yet this is another point debate where there are indications for and against this idea.
The exact artist or artists of the Oratory of Galla Placidia was not listed and known only to have arisen from Roman culture during the fifth century.Much of the Oratory of Galla Placidia had influence Early Christianity and depicts several images of Christ and his disciples in many scenes. With Early Christianity influencing this artwork, there is an abundance symbols representing many