Orem 's Self Care Deficit Theory

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Orem’s Self-Care Theory Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory (SCDNT) is complex and contains various parts that help to explain how self-care can influence the overall health status of an individual. The basics of SCDNT can be broken down into four interconnected parts: theory of self-care, theory of dependent care, theory of self-care deficit, and theory of nursing systems (Berbiglia & Banfield, 2014). Each theory can be integrated into how the nurse will interact and plan care for patients. The nurse meets the patient’s self-care needs by teaching, demonstrating, and supporting the patient in performing basic self-care practices. Self-care can be defined as the practice of activities that maturing and mature persons initiate and perform,…show more content…
All of the nursing actions are developed around self-care and produce a therapeutic effect on that patient. These relationships between the nurse and the patient guide care and help to develop an understanding of what actions must be taken for each patient. Along with the four theories, Orem also developed goals to be met with self-care using eight requisites. When nurses are assessing patient’s these eight areas should be included in the assessment: maintance of sufficient intake of air, food, and water, provision of care associated with elimination processes and excrements, maintenance of balance between activity and rest, and solitude and social interaction, prevention of hazards to human life, human functioning, and human well-being, and promotion of human functioning and development within social groups in accordance with human potential, known human limitations, and human desire to be normal (Berbiglia & Banfield, 2014). Patient Assessment The patient to be assessed is a 63-year-old male admitted to the hospital for a planned admission for a transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with obstruction. The patient’s past medical history includes: infantile cerebral palsy affecting the right side, sliding hernia that was repaired, tonsillectomy, and skin cancer at age 2.
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