Orem's Self Care Deficit Theory Evaluation

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Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory Evaluation Introduction Dorothea E. Orem dedicated her entire adult life to her nursing profession by defining the role of the nurse in relation to improving the overall health and well-being of the individual. In doing so, she developed a very complex theory entitled the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory. Ideally, this theory is three sub-theories in one that are interlocking and dependent upon one another: self-care, self-care deficit and nursing systems (Parker & Smith, 2015). Without each of these three theories, a void would exist and ultimately, nursing clarity and purpose would be lost. To place in simplistic terms, Orem assumes that all humans desire to care for self. In the self-care theory, she states that individuals are meant to care for themselves and their basic needs by promoting life, health, development and well-being. When something disrupts the balance and does not allow the human to care for self, a deficit occurs. This deficit drives the need for specialized nursing care to restore the human’s health so they can resume self-care (Banfield, 2011). This paper will discuss Orem’s assumptions, key concepts, as well as her propositions, and their relationship with each other as they relate to nursing care. The theory as a whole is quite overwhelming, but when broken down into the three smaller theories and each individual concept, it is actually quite simplistic and applicable to almost any situation and even to
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