Organ And Diseases Of The Respiratory System

2330 Words Apr 29th, 2016 10 Pages
Rorie Barroso, Matthew O’Connor, and Mario Cobo
Mr. Cuneo
Biology
25 April 2016
Comprehensive Report Rough Draft: Organs and Diseases of the Respiratory System
The primary functions of the respiratory system include the following. The respiratory system takes in oxygen. It does this by using a process that is called breathing. In order to breath, the diaphragm flattens, thus, allowing the lungs to expand in order to transfer oxygen into the lungs, which transfers the oxygen into the circulatory system. The respiratory system also expels carbon dioxide. In other words, it breaths it out. The diaphragm rises to push the carbon dioxide out of the lungs in order to expel it from the body.
The secondary functions of the respiratory system include the following. The respiratory system produces a voice by vibrating vocal cords as it expels air. The air pushes against the vocal cords, which is what causes them to vibrate. The vocal cords, shaped like a triangle, are located inside the center of the larynx. The respiratory system regulates the ph level of the body by bringing in hydrogen, which are located in the oxygen that the respiratory system inhales. This helps tremendously in the aid of maintaining homeostasis, which is critical to the survival of the body. One of the two nasal cavities helps to inhale, thus, bringing in the oxygen that we need for getting hydrogen ions to maintain homeostasis. The diaphragm flattens, thus, aiding in inhalation which goes through the nose.…
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