Organ Donation and Transplantation

982 WordsJun 16, 20184 Pages
Organ and tissue donation is life-saving and life transforming medical process wherein organs and tissues were removed from a donor and transplant them to a recipient who is very ill from organ failure. It is said that one organ can save up to 10 people and may improve the lives of thousands more (Australian Red Cross Blood Service, 2011). Most of the donated organs and tissues came from people who already died but in some cases, a living person can donate organs such as kidneys, heart, liver, pancreas, intestines, lungs and some tissues such as skin, bone, bone marrow and cornea (Health Resources and Services Administration, 2013) as well as blood, stem cells, and platelets (Taranto, 2012). Over 100,000 US citizens are waiting for an…show more content…
Dr. Thomas Earl Starlz of Denver made the initial attempts of liver transplantation in 1963 but were unsuccessful but he made result improvements when he moved at Pittsburgh in 1967 followed by the first liver transplant performed by Sir Roy Yorke Calne in Cambridge the following year (Watson and Dark, 2012). 2.4. Heart Transplantation American surgeon Dr. Norman Shumway pioneered cardiac transplantation while working in Palo Alto. He made series of animal experiments which involves cooling the heart, and reducing the number of anastomosis by leaving the atria in situ. However it was Dr. Christian Barnard who performed the first human heart transplant in 1967 during his visit in Shumway’s unit. Following Bardnard’s transplant, there were more than a hundred cardiac transplants performed at centres all around the world, with only few patients survived to leave the hospital (Watson and Dark, 2012). In 1973, endomyocardial biopsy was introduced followed by the classification of histological rejection and by 1980s, cardiac transplantations became widespread with the introduction of ciclosporin. By 1986, there a total of 2000 procedures being recorded to the Registry of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) and subsequently decreased in number (Watson and Dark, 2012). 2.5. Lung Transplantation Dr. James Hardy performed the first human lung transplant in 1963 however prior to this event, Dr, hardy and his team conducted 400
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