Organ Of Organ And Tissue Donation

1771 WordsMar 22, 20178 Pages
Organ and tissue donation can be defined as the removal of organs and tissues from either a living donor 's body or body of a patient who has recently died and transplanting the anatomical gifts into the body of the recipient (Frey and Waun n.p.). Donation has continuously verified itself in the science world as an exemplary form of medical treatment. Based on the advancements in donation over the years, one can expect further amendments to be made to the life-saving treatment in such high demand today. Various circumstances, such as an increase in obesity and life expectancy, have become primitive factors in determining the demand for organs. The ever-growing need for transplantable organs increases daily, which in turn is accountable for…show more content…
Two discoveries that have aided in solving this factor are tissue typing and Jean Borrel 's discovery of cyclosporine, an immunosuppressant drug which prevents the immune system from attacking the new organ (Corr n.p.). With organ donation steadily increasing in success, more patients are added to the waiting list every day in hopes of receiving a surgery that will save their lives. The practice of organ and tissue donation requires regulation and legislation to ensure the rights of the donor and recipient are protected throughout the entire process. Because of the scarcity of human organs in the United States, the government created the Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (UAGA) in 1968 to standardize the distribution of organs throughout the country ("Organ Donation"). Prior to the UAGA of 1968, there were no federal laws concerning donation, and donations were conducted at the state level ("Organ Donation"). The UAGA of 1968 proved to be efficient in the distribution of organs, but the system needed modifications to meet the high demands of transplants. The original UAGA lacked policies regarding the ethical issues that arise when in the donation process. After being revised in 1972 and once again in 1987, the UAGA added new policies to further improve donation in the United States. The new policies explicitly prohibited the selling of human organs, honored the descendant 's wishes over the family
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