Organ System Of Organ Transplantation

3687 Words15 Pages
Every Person in the United States, Not Just Legal Citizens, Should Automatically Be Considered Organ Donors Unless Otherwise Specified

Rough Draft
UFID: 9169-9185
June 6, 2015

I. Background
According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services, organ transplantation is the process of surgically transferring a donated organ into a patient with end-stage organ failure (U.S Dept of health and human services website). End-stage organ failure can be attributed to a number of diseases. Diseases such as cardiomyopathy, diabetes, hypertension, polycystic kidney disease, as well as a number of others could potentially result in suffers of these diseases to require an organ transplant.
Though sophisticated in nature, doctors for have actually performed organ transplants over a century, starting first with animal organs and then moving to human organs. For instance, in 1906, Dr. Mathieu Jaboulay, a French surgeon, treated two suffers of kidney failure by transplanting a goat kidney in one patient and a pig kidney into the other. While these transplants proved to be unsuccessful, resulting in the demise of both patients, Dr. Jaboulay’s work did lay the foundation for Dr. Yu Yu Voronoy, an Ukraninina surgeron that was the first to use a human kidney for transplantation. Again, these surgeries were unsuccessful. However, according to Watson and Dark (2012) but they did demonstrate “the deleterioius effect of warm ischeaemia”. Eventually,
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