Organ Trafficking Law

Good Essays
Organ Trafficking – Law

Organ transplantation is an effective therapy for end-stage organ failure and is widely used around the world.
According to WHO, kidney transplants are carried out in 91 countries. Around 66 000 kidney transplants, 21000 liver transplants and 6000 heart transplants were performed globally in 2005.
The access of patients to organ transplantation varies to the national situations, and is determined by the cost of healthcare, the level of technology advance and the availability of organs.
The shortage of organs is a universal problem. In some countries, the development of a deceased organ donation program is hampered by sociocultural, legal and other factors. In this paper, organ transplantation will be discussed
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Profit motivated facilitators negotiate most transactions, donor compensation are extremely low.
Transplant tourism has also harms global public health policies.
The underground market impedes the success of legal organ donation frameworks.
Countries have implemented legislative regimes to address both organ trafficking and human trafficking for organ removal.
Aims to eliminate the cause of organ trafficking by reducing the organ shortage.
Seeks to eliminate the affects by targeting associated criminal activities. For an act to be considered human trafficking, it must comprise the three constituent elements and one element from each must be present for trafficking to occur: (1) action (recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or reception of persons); (2) through means of (threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving payments of benefits to a person in control of the victim): and (3) goals (for exploitation or the purpose for exploitation which includes exploiting the prostitution of others, other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or similar practices, and the removal of organs).
India remains a popular destination for both purchase and transplace, and buyers come from India’s middle class and from around the world include the US, Canada, England and countries in
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