Organ Transplant of Infants With Anencephaly: Arguments and Support

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Organ Transplant of Infants with Anencephaly: Anencephaly is described as neural tube defect that has severe limits on the lifespan of affected infants. The condition is likely to contribute to the failure of the neural tissue to an extent that it can completely close at the cephalic end of the neural system. This medical condition in infants tends to occur between the third and fourth week of a woman's pregnancy resulting in the absence of the cerebral cortex though the brain stem remains intact. While the brain stem manages autonomic functions like blood pressure and heart rate, the cerebral cortex is in charge of functions like purposeful actions, memories, consciousness, and emotions. Infants with these conditions who are born alive tend to have a basic brain stem that can support reflex action like breathing as well as certain reactions to touch or sound. There are several arguments that have been raised regarding the use organs of anencephalic infants who are born alive to save the lives of other newborns. These arguments have emerged because of the consideration that infants with anencephaly are not persons. Arguments on the Use of Organs of Anencephalic Infants: According to the current medical ethics and state laws, human organs cannot be removed and used for transplant purposes until the donor is legally dead (Koukl, par, 2). The main reason for this logic is to prevent abuses even though every rule or rationale has certain exceptions. Anencephalic newborns

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