Organic Derivatives Of Water And Carbon Dioxide

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Background Information

Alcohols are a class of organic compounds characterised by one or more hydroxyl (-OH) groups attached to a carbon atom of a hydrocarbon chain. They can be considered as organic derivatives of water and in which a hydrogen atom has been replaced by an alkyl group. Alcohols are a common form of organic compound and most are colourless liquids or solids at room temperature (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2015).

Combustion is the process of burning fuels or in this case alcohol. It is the chemical process in which the substance reacts rapidly with oxygen and gives off heat. The original substance is called the fuel and the source of oxygen is the oxidiser (, 2015)). Here the alcohol is the fuel and the oxidiser is air that passes through. During combustion any hydrocarbon source and oxygen yields carbon dioxide, water and energy. During this process the hydrocarbon oxidises into water and carbon dioxide (, 2015). The temperature of this substance is quite high because of the heat transferred to exhaust during combustion. The combustion process can be controlled or stopped by controlling the amount of fuel available, the amount of oxygen available and the source of heat (, 2015). However, because plenty of air is needed for combustion, an insufficient amount of air will result in incomplete or partial combustion. Hydrogen is still oxidised into water but carbon monoxide forms instead of carbon dioxide in the form of solid
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