Organic Solidarity By Emile Durkheim

717 Words3 Pages
Emile Durkheim was a French famous sociologist, one of the main founders of modern sociology, mostly known for the way he viewed the structure of society. He mostly focused on how past and present societies progressed and function. Durkheim's philosophies were based on the thought of ‘social facts’, defined as the norms, values, and the way society is structured. To Durkheim, men are creatures whose desires are unlimited. Other animals are content when their biological needs are fulfilled, but humans are different, because they are never satisfied with what they have. Durkheim says that, "The more one has, the more one wants.” For Durkheim, a society is not only a group of individuals living in a particular geographical location. But, society…show more content…
In traditional societies, people are independent, hence society has little need for collaboration and interdependence. Organisations that need collaboration and agreement must frequently alternate to keep society together. Traditional mechanical solidarity may have a tendency to be controlling and forced. In modern societies, under organic solidarity, people are automatically much more mutually dependent. Concentration and the separation of labour requires assistance. Therefore, harmony and social integration are needed to survive in this world and do not need the same sort of pressure as under mechanical solidarity. In organic solidarity, the individual is measured extremely important. In organic solidarity, the individual, becomes the concentration of rights and accountabilities, the main source of public and private ceremonials holding the society together, a purpose that was once done by the religion. To show how important this concept is, Durkheim mentioned the "cult of the individual." But, he made it clear that the cult of the individual is a social fact. Respect for the individual is not something a human can trait, but a social fact that rises in certain societies at some certain
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