Organisational Behaviour- Attitudes & Value

5774 Words Feb 18th, 2013 24 Pages
ATTITUDES AND VALUES

INTRODUCTION
Attitude is a very complex cognitive process just like the personality of an individual. The difference between these two is that personality is usually thought of as the whole person, where as attitude may make up the personality. It is a very important variable in human behaviour, because it constitutes an important psychological attribute of individuals which shapes their behaviour. The importance of attitudes in understanding psychological phenomenon was given formal introduction early in the history of social psychology. From the time of its entry into the subject of psychology till now, interest in attitudes has been strongly growing. However, over the years attitudes have been studied with
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Belief is a hypothesis concerning the nature of the objects, more particularly, concerning one's judgement of the probability regarding their nature. Belief reveals what one supposes to be true. Belief may also be explained as the cognitive component of attitude which reflects the manner in which an object is perceived.

For example, a boss may believe his subordinate to be very hard working. But in fact, he may or may not be hard working. The attitude of the boss towards the subordinate reveals whether he likes him or not. The positive attitude and the consequent liking may rather make the boss condone all the bad qualities in the subordinate and consider him hardworking.

ATTITUDE AND VALUES

The values of an individual generally reveal the moral side of his nature. These include his ideas about what is good or bad, what should be done and what should not be done. These are some of the things which are inculcated in the individuals since childhood. "Honesty is the best policy". "A worker must be honest to his work" are statements of value. It is an evaluative statement that "Honest workers are good" and reveals the attitude of a person towards honest workers. It can be said that values are one of the determinants of one's attitudes. An individual considers an honest worker to be good because of his values that "A worker must be honest to his work."

NATURE OF ATTITUDES

From the