Organisations are social entities that involve individuals and groups to obtain benefits and goals in different ways. The struggle for resources, personal conflicts and a variety of influence tactics used by these social entities assists in obtaining them.
Organizational Behaviour can be expressed as an interdisciplinary field of study as it put together the facts from a variety of relevant fields. Organizational Behavior is not an fundamental topic, but it is relatively like a compound subject, with incorporated merging of various fields. In modern terms, Organizational Behavior is an defined as an interdisciplinary approach which helps in analyzing the human behavior in organizations. Organizational behavior can be analyzed in terms of various fields. All fields have contributed a lot in the study of Organizational Behavior. These fields of study are:
An organization is a structural process in which persons interact for objectives. This view of organization contains several important points:
TUTORIAL QUESTIONS INSTRUCTIONS: PREPARE THE ANSWERS TO THE QUESTIONS IN THE TUTORIAL DISCUSSION. TOPIC 1: AN INTRODUCTION TO OB a) The workforce diversity is one of the emerging trends/challenges in organizational behavior. Describe how the workforce is diversified and briefly identify two consequences of these diversities for organizations. b) Telecommuting has been identified as an important trend in organizational behavior. Discuss three organizational behavior topics that are influenced by telecommuting. c) Describe why managers require knowledge of OB. d) Explain how the three levels of analysis of OB are related? e) Define
“Organizational behavior is the study of human behavior in organizations. It is an academic discipline devoted to understanding individual and group behavior, interpersonal processes, and organizational dynamics with the goal of improving the performance of organizations and the people in them” (CITATION).
“Organizational behavior is the study of the human aspects of organizations, including individual behavior, group behaviour, and their interaction with organizational structure, culture, and processes; with the goal of improving organizational effectiveness.”- Umstot (1984, p. 5)
It is reasonable to suggest that the overwhelming majority of humankind has either been part of or required the services of organizations at some point in time during their lives, and many of these consumers will likely testify that although every organization is different in some ways, they all share some common characteristics. Furthermore, because all organizations are comprised of mere humans, they are subject to the same behavioral whims, weaknesses and vagaries that also characterize the human condition from day to day and over time. To gain further insights into these concepts, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature to develop a comprehensive and robust definition of organizational behavior. This review is followed by a summary of the research and salient findings in the conclusion.
Organizational behaviour theory - describes how people within their organizationsact individually or in groups and how organizations function interms of their structure, processes and culture.
Organizational behaviour is concerned with the study of the behaviour of people within an organizational setting. It involves the understanding, prediction and control of human behaviour and the factors which influence the performance of people as members of an organization. Organizational behaviour dose not encompass the whole of management; it is more accurately described in narrower interpretation of providing a behavioural approach to management.
Organisations form social collectives to achieve goals or objectives which cannot be met by individuals acting alone but only in alliance with others with a stated purpose (Pettinger 2000, Wilson 1990).
An organization is an assembly of people working together who strive towards certain goals which vary from individual’s goal to the goals of the overall organization. Every organization works to provide some sort of product or service to the people of a community; and these products and services are an outcome of the internal culture and the sum of behaviors of its people. All the three aspects i.e. individuals, groups of individuals and groups effect the overall organization.
When small business owners start the concept of what type of business one would like to own, an array of critical thinking starts and a business owner has to consider questions that will make or break his or her success. Owners, who pay attention to the current rise and fall of stock for his or her chosen business, will have the upper hand against competitors. An owner who knows his or her competitors is a small part in the grand scheme of owning an organization. Owners who give attention to the needs and wants of employees and customers will have a higher rate of profit and a lower rate of employee turnover. Organizations that learns and knows the ends and outs of maintaining a business
Organisational behaviour investigates the impact that individuals, groups and structures have on behaviour within organisations, as this knowledge can optimise the effectiveness of these organisations. A way to understand organisational behaviour is to understand the organisational psychology behind it (Murray, Poole, & Jones, 2006). Organisational psychology is the branch of psychology that is dedicated to the study of individual psychological phenomena within organisations and ways in which organisational processes has an influence on people. The field of organisational behaviour was developed primarily by the contributions of psychology, sociology and anthropology. Each of which has contributed significant ideas for organisational developments (Stuit, Szirbik, & De Snoo, 2007). They pooled in a separate field known as organisational behavioural. Three other disciplines exerted less influence in the development of organisational behaviour which is economy, science policies, and history.
discussion of the traits, trends and methods of some of the many available tools and
Abraham Maslow explored a hierarchy of needs, from the most basic physical needs to the most internal needs for selfactualization, and found that individuals respond to motivation that meets their lowest need at a particular point in time. This approach to motivation holds considerable potential for companies willing to apply it to their personnel practices. Another goal setting theory by Dr. Lock explained how specific and difficult goals led to better task performance in general. These two theories have been examined in the perspective of GrameenPhone ltd, the biggest cellular company in Bangladesh. Some major impacts of the two theories are visible in every aspect of GrameenPhone ltd. The motivation level of employees in GrameenPhone is