Organisational Structure Is an on-Going Management Task. How Does Organisational Structure Affect Human Behaviour in Organisations?

2102 Words Mar 29th, 2011 9 Pages
Organisational structure is an on-going management task. How does organisational structure affect human behaviour in organisations?

Every organisation, small or big, in every business branches, has got less or more complicated structure. Usually it is an Owner, one or few top level or general managers, few lower levels managers and then personnel. In small organisations, usually resources are limited. In bigger organisations structure is more complex. However, no matter what kind of structure is in organization, at the end there is always staff. Personnel are obliged to carry out the commands of supervisor. At this point question arises: whether the organizational structure has an effect on human behaviour? Firstly explain concept of
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* “Size” - measure could be the number of people in the organization. * “Environment” - social environment - whether the environment is friendly or hostile to the organization. * “Centralisation/decentralisation decisions” - most organizations want to have a choice, how much they want to control from the centre. * “Overall work to be undertaken” - value chain link need to be co-ordinate. * “Technology” - Technology includes the impact of an object and / or changes it from one state to another. The object may be a living creature, a symbol or an inanimate object. * “Task differentiation” – different tasks in production, sales or marketing areas. * “Culture” - describes the psychology, attitudes, experiences, beliefs and values of an organization. * “Leadership” – the style of leadership, background and beliefs are very important determinants of organisation design. (Lynch, 2003, p. 667-668)

Influence of various conditions makes the organizational structure takes different forms and is dynamic. But not forget that the organizational structure is always to fulfil a specific purpose, and that is to ensure an efficient organisation.
As we was mentioned earlier the organizational structure is closely related to organisational behaviour, however, before proceeding to explain these relationships, we would like to introduce definitions of organisational behaviour. According to Pettinger organisational behaviour “is concerned with