Organisational Study

6157 Words Sep 23rd, 2012 25 Pages
INTRODUCTION
1.1 MEANING OF ORGANIZATION
An organization is a social unit which is deliberately constructed and reconstructed to seek specific goals. It is a social group which distributes tasks for a collective goal. It is a social unit of people, systematically structured and managed to meet a need or to pursue collective goals on a continuing basis. All organizations have a management structure that determines relationships between functions and positions, and subdivides and delegates roles, responsibilities, and authority to carry out defined tasks. Organizations are open systems in that they affect and are affected by the environment beyond their boundaries.

1.2 MEANING OF ORGANIZATIONAL STUDY
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In almost all other countries both services were the monopolies of government agencies known as PTT’S (for Post, Telephone and Telegraph). AT and T now offers long distance service in completion with half a dozen and many minor competitors while retaining ownership of a subsidiary that produces telephonic equipment, computers and other electronic devices/. During the same period Great Britain’s National Telephone Company was sold to private investors as was Japan’s NTT telephone monopoly. For telegraphy and data transmission, Western Union was joined by other major companies, while many multinational firms formed their own telecommunications services that link offices scattered throughout the world. New technology also brought continuing changes in the providers of telecommunication. Private companies such as Comsat in the United States were organized to provide satellite communication links within the country. Around the world we are witnessing remarkable changes though the telecoms environment. After years of debate, structural separation is now taking place in many parts of the world including Hong Kong, New Zealand, Singapore and some European markets.

2.2 GROWTH OF THE INDUSTRY
The Indian telecommunication industry is one of the fastest growing in the world , with 671.69 million telephone (landlines and mobile) subscribers and 635.51 million mobile phone connections as of June 2010 it is also the second largest telecommunication
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