Organisations are Socially Constructed Phenomena

2131 WordsJul 7, 20189 Pages
Organizations are instruments created to achieve other ends. The word organization which is derived from the Greek word ‘organon’ means a tool or instrument. Therefore, ideas such as tasks, goals, aims and objectives have become such fundamental organizational concepts. Organizations are a complex and paradoxical phenomena and there may be challenges in understanding them. Metaphor is a primal force through which humans create meaning by using one element of experience to understand another. The use of different metaphors lead to different explanations and theories of organizations helps us to think and see organizations from different perspectives. Each provides a certain view of the organization and can be convincing but it does not…show more content…
Collectively they set the basis for modern management techniques, such as management by objectives (MBO); planning, programming, budgeting, systems (PPBS), and other theories stressing rational planning and control. They were firm supporters of bureaucratization and devoted their energies in identifying detailed principles and methods through which this kind of organization can be achieved. The classical management theorists focused on the design of the total organization. The classical theorists believed that when commands were issued from the top to bottom of the hierarchy, they would travel throughout the organization in a precisely determined way to create precisely determined effect. The whole thrust of classical management theory and its modern application is to suggest that organizations can or should be rational systems that operate in as efficient manner as possible. The classical theorist gave little attention to the human aspects of the organization and considered organization to be a technical problem. The classical theorists recognized that it was important to achieve a balance between the human and technical aspects of organization through appropriate selection and training procedures, but their main orientation was to make humans fit the requirements of mechanical organization . Frederick Taylor was an American engineer who believed in increasing efficiency by
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