Organization Behavior Disciplines/ Ob Disciplines

1764 Words Jun 19th, 2011 8 Pages
As with most sciences, there exists a basis in which it is developed. As in Organizational Behavior it is “the study of the structure and functioning of organizations and the behavior of groups and individuals within them” and “drawing primarily on the disciplines of sociology and psychology” (Warner, 1994), that present it as a science that has strong ties to other disciplines.
The history of Organizational Behavior (OB) can be traced back to the Scientific Management approaches from the Industrial Revolution as early as the late 1800’s with the work of Frederic Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) (Wertheim). It is in this case, behavioral disciplines that have shaped Organizational Behavior into a distinguishable discipline.
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Individual decision making: Decisions are made everyday by an organization’s members. The tendencies to make the correct decision or the one that would be benefit the organization is certainly attributed to the individual’s cognitive and psychological state. How one make such decisions and how it affects the rest of the organization will certainly be an ongoing topic of discussion as it relates to OB. Performance appraisal: The systematic process of providing employees feedback as to their individual performance takes into account communication parameters and goal setting that benefits both the individual and organization. These cross roads of objectives and needs have within it a place in both Psychology and OB. Attitude measurement: Psychology’s statistical work has provided much input related to OB as it relates to member’s attitudes. How an organization is to manage, reward, and create policy should include the mindsets of its members and align to organizational objectives. Employee selection: The traits and characteristics of successful employees has been long measured and analyzed. Psychology’s impact in this area is great to include quantitative analysis of characteristics found to be successful based upon position requirements and organizational needs. Work design: The interconnection of worker and their environment to include machinery, climate, temperature, and associated stressors has a direct
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