Organization Structure and Ethics

3578 Words Mar 13th, 2011 15 Pages
Organizational Structure
Introduction
Every organization needs to decide how to divide its work or activities, how to coordinate all work – related activities and how to control these activities to ensure that goals are achieved. The organization must consider its external environment and the internal systems and processes used to transform inputs to outputs. A manager of any organization must ensure consistency between the structure of the organization, the scale of its operations, the tasks at hand, the needs of all stakeholders and the strategic direction of the organization. This consistency between structure and operations distinguishes successful organizations from less successful ones.
Organization
An organization is defined as a
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Organizational Goals, Control and Coordination
The first of the structural building blocks are organizational goals. Two other components of structure are control and coordination, which provide ways of ensuring that these subdivided activities can be brought together to achieve the organizational goals.
1. Organizational Goals
In an organization, people are organized into a structure in order to work together to achieve organizational goals. This involves breaking people and tasks up into units, allocating authority and making other decisions about how things are done. A goal or objective is a projected state of affairs that a person or a system plans or intends to achieve. Organizations may be viewed as entities with goals. There are two types of organizational goals. The first centers on how the organization intends to serve particular groups in society, or with social responsibility, serve society as a whole. The second focuses on organizational survival.
• Output goals: These are the goals that define the organization’s type of business, and are the basis of the mission statement that organizations often use to indicate their purposes. Political organizations serve the common good, while culturally based organizations such as church may emphasize contributions to their members. Social service organizations such as hospitals are expected to emphasize quality care…