Organizational Behavior Case Studies with Answers

6198 Words Apr 14th, 2013 25 Pages
What is Personality?
The dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to his environment. - Gordon Allport * The sum total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others, the measurable traits a person exhibits * Measuring Personality * Helpful in hiring decisions * Most common method: self-reporting surveys * Observer-ratings surveys provide an independent assessment of personality – often better predictors
Personality is often defined by characteristics such as outgoing or charming. However, psychologists define personality as the growth and development of a person’s whole psychological system.
We study personality in
…show more content…
The Big Five Model of Personality Dimensions
The Big Five Model of Personality Dimensions Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
5-0

How Do the Big Five Traits Predict Behavior? * Research has shown this to be a better framework. * Certain traits have been shown to strongly relate to higher job performance: * Highly conscientious people develop more job knowledge, exert greater effort, and have better performance. * Other Big Five Traits also have implications for work. * Emotional stability is related to job satisfaction. * Extroverts tend to be happier in their jobs and have good social skills. * Open people are more creative and can be good leaders. * Agreeable people are good in social settings.
Other Personality Traits Relevant to OB * Core Self-Evaluation * The degree to which people like or dislike themselves * Positive self-evaluation leads to higher job performance * Machiavellianism * A pragmatic, emotionally distant power-player who believes that ends justify the means * High Machs are manipulative, win more often, and persuade more than they are persuaded. Flourish when: * Have direct interaction * Work with minimal rules and regulations * Emotions distract others * Narcissism * An arrogant, entitled, self-important person who needs excessive admiration * Less effective in their jobs
More Relevant