Organizational Behavior Case Studies with Answers

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What is Personality? The dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to his environment. - Gordon Allport * The sum total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others, the measurable traits a person exhibits * Measuring Personality * Helpful in hiring decisions * Most common method: self-reporting surveys * Observer-ratings surveys provide an independent assessment of personality – often better predictors Personality is often defined by characteristics such as outgoing or charming. However, psychologists define personality as the growth and development of a person’s whole psychological system. We study personality in…show more content…
The Big Five Model of Personality Dimensions The Big Five Model of Personality Dimensions Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 5-0 How Do the Big Five Traits Predict Behavior? * Research has shown this to be a better framework. * Certain traits have been shown to strongly relate to higher job performance: * Highly conscientious people develop more job knowledge, exert greater effort, and have better performance. * Other Big Five Traits also have implications for work. * Emotional stability is related to job satisfaction. * Extroverts tend to be happier in their jobs and have good social skills. * Open people are more creative and can be good leaders. * Agreeable people are good in social settings. Other Personality Traits Relevant to OB * Core Self-Evaluation * The degree to which people like or dislike themselves * Positive self-evaluation leads to higher job performance * Machiavellianism * A pragmatic, emotionally distant power-player who believes that ends justify the means * High Machs are manipulative, win more often, and persuade more than they are persuaded. Flourish when: * Have direct interaction * Work with minimal rules and regulations * Emotions distract others * Narcissism * An arrogant, entitled, self-important person who needs excessive admiration * Less effective in their jobs More Relevant

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