Organizational Behavior: Motivational Theories

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1. Impact of Leadership Styles on Motivation in Periods of Change Contemporary theories describe leaders according to their traits or how they use influence and power to accomplish their purposes (Germano 2010), especially in times of change. These leadership styles and their impact are autocratic, democratic, bureaucratic, charismatic, situational, transactional and transformational (Germano). A leader who uses the autocratic style is usually appointed to the position, which is often new to him (Germano 2010). He is high-handed and applies coercion in getting his orders done by subordinates. He does not share their vision or win their loyalty and affection. He sees them only as mechanical followers for whom he fells nothing. The followers, for their part, resent him and patiently wait for his replacement or downfall or new employments for them elsewhere (Germano). A bureaucratic leader leans completely on organizational policies and procedures and is quite inflexible about them (Germano 2010). In the process, he overlooks opportunities to motivate and develop employees in ways beyond stiff procedures and policies. He places greater value in them than in people and resists complaints and suggestions from employees. While policies are not inherently damaging to employee motivation, their blind implementation and adherence are often counterproductive to employees. A bureaucratic leader in this sense is similar to the autocratic leader in their failure to motivate and
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