Organizational Behaviour

2338 Words Sep 16th, 2012 10 Pages
Title: Maintaining motivation in the workplace

Assignment task:
Option 2
Motivation is one of the most frequently researched topics on organizational behaviour according to Robbins, Judge Millett & Walters-Marsh (2008). Motivation among other things is about an individual’s persistence of effort towards attaining a goal.
1. How would you motivate employees in your workgroup to ensure:
a) They focus on attaining the goals of the workgroup? and;
b) Continue to maintain a consistent quality in their efforts to achieve those goals?

2. With reference to at least 2 models of motivation:
a) How effective is motivation with your immediate workgroup?
b) What are the implications of not applying motivation strategies or applying
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(Robbins and Judge 2011)

From the definition of motivation we can see that money cannot be the vehicle that drives an employee to focus on a company’s objectives. Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory, assumes that there are five needs that every human being has. These needs being psychological, safety, social, esteem and self-actualization (Robbins and Judge 2011). A company that adopts this theory can come to conclusion that money will motivate as money would meet more of these needs with every salary increase. But what happens when self-actualization has been realized? How will the employee remain motivated then? The problem with this theory is that it assumes that if you are hungry you will not go to church even though generally people who are poorer are usually more religious.

A similar school of thought on what motivates is Hertzberg’s motivation-hygiene theory, which states the factors that cause satisfaction does not cause dissatisfaction if it is not addressed. In fact, true motivation comes from within and cause satisfaction, while dissatisfaction is caused by external factors (NetMBA, 2002-2010). The problem with this theory is that people naturally take responsibility for positive feelings or feelings of satisfaction while blaming outside forces

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