Organizational Behaviour Individual Assignment

5793 Words Feb 28th, 2012 24 Pages
STUDENT NAME : TSANWANI R

STUDENT NUMBER : 20150274

ASSIGNMENT TITLE : ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR

DATE : 05 APRIL 2009

PROGRAMME : ABP/BTECH

Contents Page

Executive summary 3
Using shaping as a management tool 4-7
Heredity 8-11
Factors that may contribute to differences in patterns of job satisfaction 12-15
Factors that differentiate good decision makers from poor ones 16-19
Bibliography 20-21

Executive summary

According to Robbins, Judge, Odendaal and Roodt (2009:7), Organizational behavior is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within organizations. It says in
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The sole criterion which can determine if an item, activity or food is reinforcing is the change in the probability of a behavior after the administration of a potential reinforcer. Other theories may focus on additional factors such as whether the person expected the strategy to work at some point, but a behavioral theory of reinforcement would focus specifically upon the probability of the behavior.
Application of shaping
Shaping behavior can be applied in many ways. According to (Robbins et al. 2009: 58) there are four ways to shape behavior: through positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, punishment and extinction.
Positive reinforcement
According to (Behavioral Intervention: 2008), positive reinforcement is a procedure whereby an individual, contingent upon performing a specific behavior, is immediately rewarded to maintain or increase that behavior. Some may ask themselves whether this is not bribery to the individual. No! Most of the time when we hear the word "bribery," we think of people being bought off to do something illegal, corrupt, or unethical. Instead, positive reinforcement increases the chances that an individual will do something appropriate that will benefit him in the future. The suggestion here is that you use procedures that encourage, support, and empower individuals to achieve positive outcomes in organizations or in the community.
Negative
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