Organizational Behaviour Individual Assignment

5782 WordsFeb 17, 201224 Pages
STUDENT NAME : TSANWANI R STUDENT NUMBER : 20150274 ASSIGNMENT TITLE : ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR DATE : 05 APRIL 2009 PROGRAMME : ABP/BTECH Contents Page Executive summary 3 Using shaping as a management tool 4-7 Heredity 8-11 Factors that may contribute to differences in patterns of job satisfaction 12-15 Factors that differentiate good decision makers from poor ones 16-19 Bibliography 20-21 Executive summary According to Robbins, Judge, Odendaal and Roodt (2009:7), Organizational behavior is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within organizations. It says in (Human Behavior: 2009)…show more content…
When an S delta is present, the reinforcing consequence which characteristically follows a behavior does not occur. This is the opposite of a discriminative stimulus which is a signal that reinforcement will occur. All the above four reinforcement can be used as tools to shaping a behavior depending on what kind of a behavior one seek to change, however according to (Psychology 101: 2005), research has found that positive reinforcement is the most powerful of any of these. Adding a positive to increase a response not only works better, but allows both parties to focus on the positive aspects of the situation. Punishment, when applied immediately following the negative behavior can be effective, but results in extinction when it is not applied consistently. Punishment can also invoke other negative responses such as anger and resentment, on the other hand with negative reinforcement, according to (Negative Reinforcement: 2005) behavior is increased or maintained in order to escape or avoid a stimulus (Bowen, Jenson, and Clark, 2004). For example, a student may misbehave in order to be sent out of a class he dislikes. According to Bowen et al., many of the problem behaviors that teachers experience from their students have a long history of negative reinforcement. According to (Positive reinforcement: 2006), positive reinforcement is effective and largely used for two separate reasons. Firstly, it is one of
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