Organizational Change

3323 Words Jun 24th, 2013 14 Pages
Week Four Assignment
Darryl Friedlund
Forecasting & Leading Change – STL 420

Chapter 10

Page 298

1. How do evolutionary change and revolutionary change differ?

Evolutionary change is gradual, incremental, and narrowly focused and does not involve drastic or sudden altering of the basic nature of the organization’s strategy or structure. Whereas revolutionary change is rapid, dramatic, and broadly focused in order to quickly and decisively find new ways to be effective. 2. What is a business process, and why is reengineering a popular instrument of change today?

A business process is any activity that cuts across functional boundaries. It is the ability of people and groups to act in a cross-functional way
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I think that the steps a company must take to implement any TQM program is much the same as the five main steps in action research; diagnosing the organization, determining the desired future state, implementing action, evaluation the action, and institutionalizing action research. Along with training the team and using Lewin’s three-step change process.

2. In what ways can Six Sigma bring about types of change that improve an organization’s competitive advantage?

The Six Sigma process can improve an organization’s competitive advantage in many ways. It can streamline processes to save time and money, it can generate a restructure, it could find ways to improve employee working conditions which could improve productivity, or it could even generate potential new programs or products to increase customer satification.

Chapter 11

Page 328

1. What factors influence the number of organizations that are founded in a population? How can pursuing a specialist strategy increase a company’s chance of survival?

The factors that influence the number of organizations that are founded in a population are population ecology theory, population of organizations, environmental niches, and population density.

A company’s chance of survival can be increased by using a specialist strategy because they would focus their activities in one niche which would enable them to develop core competences and allow them to outperform generalist in that