Organizational Culture And Leadership Effectiveness

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The military has always thrived on leadership; it has been the core of this organization and the foundation that sustains it. Studies on organizational culture and leadership effectiveness have continued to gain popularity in recent years. Wong (2003) stated that long before leadership became a topic of discussion in the corporate, academic, or even public realm, militaries have been enamored by leadership. Leadership in the military has always been held in high regard. A leader is anyone who by virtue of assumed role or assigned responsibility inspires and influences people to accomplish organizational goals Yet, in recent years, an ever increasing style of leadership has emerged; toxic leadership. With military officials gaining negative attention, the Armed Forces determined that there needed to be an army-wide removal of toxic leaders and implementation of training that focuses on a new leadership style; effective leadership.
Toxic leadership is defined as a leader who is destructive or harmful in nature, and has only concern for personal interest. Toxic leadership is an ever increasing issue that has affected the U.S. Armed Forces as well as many institutions of higher education and other organizations. . Toxic leadership may be considered a form of oppression since it entails unjust treatment, cruelty (to an extent), and mental pressure or distress. In order to capture the complexity of toxic leadership focus should be placed on personality traits such as narcissism
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