Organizational Culture and Structure

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ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE & STRUCTURE
Outline Prepared By:
Marnela Kathleen V. Pasamba, RN
MSN I

I. Organizational Culture
A. Definitions
1. Gareth Morgan: set of beliefs, values and norms, together with symbols like dramatized events and personalities, that represents the unique character of the organization and provides the context for action in it and by it.
2. Edgar Schein: a pattern of shared basic assumptions that the group has learned as it solved its problems that has worked well enough to be considered as valid and is passed on to the new members as the correct way to perceive, think and feel in relation to these problems.
B. Types of Organizational Culture According to Professor John Paul Kotter
1. “Tough guy” or
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Disadvantages
i. High operating and managing costs ii. Poor communication between divisions iii. Conflicts among divisions
3. Matrix
a. Definition
i. a complex form of organization used to control their activities results in matrix structure ii. simultaneously groups people into two ways – by the function of which they are member and by the product team on which they are currently working iii. have two bosses: functional boss and product boss
b. Coordination Advantages
i. Facilitates rapid product development ii. Maximizes cooperation and communication between members iii. Facilitates innovation and creativity iv. Facilitates face-to-face problem solving
v. Provides a work setting in which managers can decide to solve non-programmed problems vi. Facilitates frequent product changes of membership in product teams
c. Motivation Advantages
i. Freedom and autonomy to take responsibility for their work activities
d. Disadvantages
i. Increase role conflict and role ambiguity ii. High levels of work stress iii. Limited opportunities for promotion III. The Relationship Between Organizational Structure and Culture
A. Organizational structure is a mechanism through which effort and work is coordinated with supervision to produce the results that are hoped for from organizational culture.
B. The structure seems to be the conduits or lines of authority, the system set into place through which individuals can come together to fulfill the expectations of
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