Organizational Development

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Organizational DevelopmentPage 2 Organizational Development Organizational development is one of the most common yet most important terms in HRM and organizational behavioral studies. During this course, various strategies for developing diagnostic skills to identify OD issues, problems, and opportunities have been taught. However, it is important to understand how these skills can be applied in practical life, in order to understand their practical implications of this theory. Organizational development is a complex process with various definitions. One of the current definitions is "Organization development is a system wide application and transfer of behavioral science knowledge to the planned development, improvement, and reinforcement of strategies, structures, and processes that lead to organization effectiveness" (Cummings and Worley, 2005, p. 1). Every organization has its own culture, values, mission, goals, processes, structures and dynamics. Some of them have a formal structure and are created and developed on purpose with intentions. Some of these formal structural measures are defined roles, job descriptions. Organizational policies and procedures, performance appraisal systems, departments, teams, segments etc. Others are less visible and seen only when they wreak havoc resulting in mysterious and unexpected consequences. There are unwritten rules which are hidden yet they rule the organization. Problems appear in organizations when a conflict between
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