Organizational Justice

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2.1 Theory Organization justice plays a very important role in employee motivation, loyalty, and well-being (Mc Shane et al, 2013). To minimize the feeling of injustice, corporate leaders have to understand well of the concepts, theory and forms of organization justice (Mc Shane et al, 2013). There are three different but overlapping forms of organization justice, which are: Procedural Organizational Justice, Interactional Organizational Justice and Distributive Organizational Justice ( Elovainio et al, 2002). 2.1.1 Procedural organizational justice: According to Oxford Dictionary, procedure refers to 'an established or official way of doing something'. Procedural justice is the idea of fairness in the processes of resolving disputes…show more content…
It is the justifications provided to people that express information about why procedures were used in a certain way or why outcomes were distributed in a certain fashion (Muzumdar). The perceived level of informational justice is higher when more sufficiency of explanations are disclosed (Fricchione, 2006). Informational justice shows the transparency in the procedures adopted to accomplish certain judgment or result (Muzumdar). The second part is called as interpersonal justice which referring to the respect and dignity with which one treats another (Colquitt et al, 2001). It is how a person is being treated by his supervisors, subordinates or others (Muzumdar). Treatment by a supervisor is defined as respect, dignity, motivation, encouragement and so on. Since interactional justice emphasizes one-to-one transactions, employees frequently seek it from their supervisors. This creates an opportunity for the organizations to train union leaders to behave more justly (Skarlicki et al, 1996). They were taught to give explanations and apologies (informational justice) and to treat their reports with courtesy and respect (interpersonal justice) Leaders of an organization have to behave in a particular manner in order to influence their subordinates to enhance productivity (Karris, n.d). For example, individuals who reported to trained leaders revealed more helpful citizenship
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