Organizational structure is the framework around which the organization is organized, the underpinnings, which keep the coalition functioning. It 's the operating manual that tells members how the organization is put together and how it works. More specifically, structure describes how members are accepted, how leadership is chosen, and how decisions are made (Nagy, 2014). With lives in their hands, hospitals have to function very precisely, executing high-quality services every hour of every day. Organizations that have this sort of requirement usually take on a vertical organizational structure (Feigenbaum, 2015). This type of structure has many layers of management, with most of the organization 's staff working in very specific, narrow, low-authority roles. The numerous layers of management are designed to make sure that no one person can throw the system off too much. This structure also ensures that tasks are being done exactly and correctly (Feigenbaum, 2015).
Organizational structure is the most crucial element for the success of any business. This is because of the way it facilitates and supports the management system of the organization. It is through the structure that specialization and differentiation are attained. For effective management of the employees, different firms employ different structures for the organization that is unique to its operation and the organization culture.
An added bonus - this business model is inherently sustainable. This type of structure needs a powerful leader whom the staff look up to as power is centralized and he gets to be more involved with the running of the company.
A structure depends on the organization 's objectives and strategy. In a very centralized structure, the highest layer of management has most of the choice creating power and has tight management over departments and divisions. In a much suburbanized structure, the choice creating power is distributed and also the departments and divisions could have totally different degrees of independence. Wal-mart’s structure is built upon its risk management, safety and claims management process. Google Inc. has gained much attention and acclaim for its unusual organizational culture, which is designed to establish loyalty and creativity. Although both Google and Wal-mart focuses on risk management and they specialized on two different factors. Google focus more on creativity, loyalty and keeping its employees happy. Wal-mart tends to help customers by saving money, claims and promoting within the company.
Organisations must organise a structure so that their objectives can be achieved. A company will have different departments and procedures with each one having a special function. All of these organised departments and procedures are linked so the company can run efficiently. For many organisation this can be very complex has they will have offices in international countries around the world.
All in all, the cross-functional structure allows employees to create the set of functions they need in order to scan and monitor the competitive environment and obtain information about the way it is changing. With the right set of functions in place, Morgan Stanley’s managers are then in a good position to develop a strategy that allows the organization to respond to its changing situation quickly. Employees in the first line work level would communicate more with the customers. Under the cross-functional structure, the group can decide every aspect of a business. For example, the group formed to deal with real estate investment can make decision to set the price by themselves instead of the Morgan Stanley Marketing department. It will let the service firm keep itself closer to the market and customers.
An organization must align its strategy and structure to allow itself to achieve performance improvements over time. The four different structures, simple, functional, multidivisional, and matrix, are all suited to allow companies with different strategies to succeed but the company must decide which of these is correct for itself. A small start-up company will overburden itself with excessive cost if it seeks to implement a functional structure because it clearly will not have the talent on hand to create whole departments of HR employees or accountants. On the other hand, a company that grows to become a large multi-national
Structure is the basis through which an organization seeks to create control the direction of an organization. This is completed through clear definitions of the allocation of work, differentiation, and the coordination of having those responsibilities working together towards the efforts of the organization, integration (Bolman & Deal, 1993, pp). Through these methods, the organization is able to devise a division of labor that collaborates to bring about the missions and goals of an organization. The structure that comes about from this can be varied in their rigidness and flexibility it allows, and to an extent this is a great contribution to its success.
All businesses have organisational structures, even if they are small or big, they have some type of structure so they can operate productively.
According to Reframing Organizations the benefits of a formal structure helps a company to not waste time and money especially on training products in an effort to solve problems that deal with social architecture instead of people. Structure, basically a blueprint for internal management/ employees and external constituencies like clients and competitors to follow. It has been said that structural form enhances and constrains what an organization can accomplish.
This structure is unlike that of the Philips where locals, within the national organizations, held senior management positions. Basically, the structure gave some leeway to product control but still kept the same global image of Matsushita. As times/cultures changed, the strategy that existed with Matsushita during the early years proved to be the foundation of a successful company.
The decentralized structure and the size, geographical distances, and cultural differences member companies have in this enterprise could make it hard to lead and to maintain a cohesive, unified company attitude. Top management does not have wide control over the operations. Also, there is a risk that people working separately might forget the common purpose. In a recent interview William Weldon, the CEO of Johnson & Johnson answered these problems with highlighting that they have “wonderful leaders” and people in whom they have “a lot of confidence and faith in and they run the businesses”. He also mentioned the most important document of Johnson & Johnson, the credo. The credo and its value system assure a strong corporate culture that holds the Family of Companies together and eliminates the risks of
Before the nineties the Coca-Cola company was having a centralize system of control, but after sometime they realized that if they had to meet the demands of the customers they should adopt a decentralized system in which the authority of decision making is distributed between different managers so that every sector can be managed effectively. This system was implemented in the nineties by the company’s board of directors. Now the organization is having two groups who are responsible for operating:
It did so in order to better focus its resources on changing customer needs as well as emphasize its strengths in the market place. The organizational structure now consists of centralized engineering and marketing organizations. This way the company has the ability to prevent product and resource overlaps and more effectively allocate its resources to areas yielding optimum profitability. The engineering side has eleven technology groups with people heading multiple groups and reporting to one person who then reports to the CEO. The marketing side has one head who reports to the CEO as well.
Organizational structure is a formal relationship between management and the employees. It is a way to motivate the employees and get them to working. It is also away to get employees to follow the company goals, and work together as a team. To make an organization work they need to have an organized structure to be able to run the company. The mission