Organizational Theories and Management Styles

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Organizational theories and management styles are key factors in the success of an organization. These theories can determine the structure of the organization by defining the best way to organize and work employees and by helping the organization adapt to its environment. Organizations and managers are unique in their own way; however most organizations and managers can be grouped into categories or types depending on their organizational or management styles.
Organizational Theories
Organizational theory, defined as “the study of the structures of organizations”, developed in the early 20th century during the industrial age (Wright, n.d.). There are four major organizational theories today. They are the classical theory, the
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If one department does not do their part it affects the other department’s performance which ultimately places the patient at risk. For healthcare organizations, interdepartmental relationships are symbiotic and are essential to a successful organization.
Management Styles
The organization’s overall culture and goals can impact the type of management style seen throughout the organization. Management styles can vary within an organization depending on the tasks that need to be completed, the departmental needs, or the current situation. The most common management styles seen in organizations are autocratic, bureaucratic, participative, laissez-faire and paternalistic. Good managers have the ability to modify their management style to meet the current needs or situation.
The autocratic management style is also known as “authoritarian, boss-centered, or dictatorial leadership” (Liebler & McConnell, 2012, pg. 411). A manager that utilizes this style of management makes all decisions without employee input. Employees are given clear and concise instructions and are expected to follow directions to the letter. This style is very authoritative and is needed for employees or situations that require close supervision. Employees are not allowed to use initiative or creativity when it comes to completing assigned tasks and they generally do not challenge this
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