Origin of Mass of Subatomic Particles Essay

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This past October of 2013, François Englert and Peter W. Higgs were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Physics for 2013. “For the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider". Both Englert and Higgs proposed the theory of how particles acquire mass. It was 1964 when both men proposed this theory independently. It wasn’t until the year 2012, that both men had their ideas confirmed by discovery of the Higgs Boson particle (particle responsible for giving mass to objects) at the CERN laboratory in …show more content…

These forces work over different ranges and have different strengths. That is to say, Gravity is the weakest; the electromagnetic force has infinite range but is much stronger than gravity. Three of the fundamental forces result from the exchange of force-carrier particles; these belong to a group of particles called -bosons. Particles of matter transfer discrete amounts of energy by exchanging bosons with each other (CERN). Each fundamental force has its own corresponding boson – the strong force is carried by the gluon, the electromagnetic force is carried by the photon, and the W and Z bosons coincide with the weak force (CERN). That is to say, The Standard Model includes the electromagnetic, strong and weak forces and all their carrier particles. This new particle was somewhat consistent with the Higgs boson, but it will take more research to actually determine if it is the same Higgs boson predicted by the original Standard Model. Being that protons are filled with subatomic particles like quarks, antiquarks, and gluons they rarely pass or collide with each other. That is to say, at a mass of about 125 GeV, the Higgs boson particle turned out to be approximately one hundred times heavier than a proton. The Higgs boson particle showed that particles due have mass. This played a unique role in the Standard

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