Origin of the Civil Rights Movement

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Civil Rights To obtain access to basic privileges and the rights to U.S. citizenship for African Americans mass popular movements or civil rights movement took place. Civil rights movements began in 19th century, but it reached its peak in 1950s and 1960s. At both local and national levels movements are led by both African American's and the whites. These people raised their appeals without any violence but with negotiations and legal means. The student movement of 1960s and the modern women rights movement was greatly influenced by the 20th century's largest social movement (Civic Voices, 2013). The centre of the civil right movement was South America where racial discrimination was there, while education, economic, legal and political processes were blatant. At the beginning of 19th century, the Black was made politically and economically powerless, because of the local government and state laws which placed restrictions on the voting qualifications. These laws were also known as Jim Crows Laws. Education, voting rights and social segregation were the three areas on which movement was primarily addressed (Civic Voices, 2013). The Brown Decision The Supreme Court decision which was passed in 1954 for Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas led to a thrash about for civil rights. The racial segregation of public schools was outlawed by the landmark decision. The decision was condemned by the whites, especially in South, the white supremacist group like
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