Orwell, Modjeska and Gardin

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The Orchard and Nineteen Eighty-Four both describe cultures that "encourage us to see ourselves as others see us." Consider the political implications of seeing and being seen in Nineteen Eighty-Four and The Orchard, focussing on one passage or scene from each book, and one relevant image or written text you collect from the print media.

The Orchard by Drusilla Modjeska, Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell and Gianni Berengo Gardin's The Gypsy Camp, Trento (Italy) 1985 all detail the control of minorities, and disempowered factions through the expectations of cultures that `encourage us to see ourselves as others see us'. In each case control allows the particular sect to be defined and separated from the rest of society as the
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Much like the governing principles of Oceania the definition of Orwell's totalitarian society in Nineteen Eighty-Four as one that `encourages us to see ourselves as others see us' is problematic conceptually. Although Party Members are constantly reminded that they are under surveillance it is not enough to simply appear to be in compliance with The Party, instead one must be in full agreement and support, including the knowledge that the seemingly illogical statement `2 + 2 = 5' is truth. To comply with such guidelines one cannot simply view themselves as others would, but be themselves while simultaneously being like everybody else. As such the party exercises complete and total political control, free from the threat of any opposing ideology. This difference to the other texts is that Nineteen Eighty-Four is based around a literal threat, and government as opposed to the social expectations that restrict individuals in Modjeska and Berengo Gardin's work.

The direct inversion of Winston and Julia's first sexual encounter in the novel's final chapter details the political implications of a totalitarian government, which monitors through sight but punishes or teaches through physical and psychological methods. Firstly within Oceania, sex, or the enjoyment of sex is a political act against the Party who advocate chastity and denial of desire sighting sexual relations as `our duty to

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