Viktor E. Frankl, an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who also had survived the Holocaust, writes “When we are no longer able to change a situation – we are challenged to change ourselves” (BrainyQuote). Frankl survived genocide against his own people and still chose to have a positive outlook on it because he understands that if he did not, he would continually live an unhappy, upset life. Like Frankl, Ivan Denisovich Shukhov, the main character in One Day In The Life of Ivan Denisovich by Alexander Solzhenitsyn, contains a similar outlook to that of Frankl. The novel takes place during Soviet Russia in a gulag in Siberia, or otherwise known as a labor work camp. The whole book is about only one day that Shukhov lives; from 5 in the morning to 10 at night and all that happens in between. In this labor camp, not only are the weather conditions very cold, making it difficult to work in such circumstances, but also the workers are punished and harshly treated if they do not obey the guards. When placed in this environment, it is easy to be discouraged and miserable, but instead of facing the negatives of his situation, Shukhov remains affirmative in his thoughts – which are most important in order to survive not only physically, but also mentally. This stoicism portrayed in the narrative can also be found in Epictetus’s work, The Handbook. In this text, Epictetus discusses how he believes people can live a happy life, despite the hard conditions they are put through
In One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn shows how Soviet prisoners, known as Zeks, are treated while being in the gulag for one day through the eyes of the protagonist and omniscient narrator named Ivan Denisovich Shukhov. Despite being in an environment such as the Soviet Union, where there is harsh tundra and not much food to eat, Shukhov tries to make good use of what he has received while trying to keep himself alive. The purpose of Solzhenitsyn’s portrayal of food is to show its overall significance and that it is used as a means of trade and survival. Over time, the power of food reveals its significance to the Zeks and especially to Shukhov and food allows both groups understanding towards the necessity of food for their vitality and well-being additionally.
“The story of an hour” by Kate Chopin was a story that was ironical yet profoundly deep. As a student I have been asked to read “a story of an hour” many times, and every time I’m surprised by how I enjoy it. People can read thousands of stories in their life times and only a handful will every stand out to them, stories that can draw out an emotion or spark a thought are the ones that will standout more. For me and “a story of an hour” the thought of freedom is what draws me the most as a teenage I would feel a deep and heavy cage that traps me in its invisible snarl. It is hard to explain why one feels that way many a times feelings are just a way of showing frustration. Mrs. Mallard I assume has many frustrations, and she associated her imprisonment with her marriage to her husband. In many versions Mrs. Mallard says he is not a mean man and she did have feelings. It is just an unexplainable blanket of depression that anyone can fall through. Like a cold or an unsuspecting wounds one cannot prevent what one does not know of until it becomes apparent .as the story progresses I add more of my own emotion and slowing I draw a bridge that connects me to the basic feel of the story. In the begging I am just an outsider looking in not yet connected with their feeling, then the realization hits one and so does mine, and finally when Mrs. Mallard freedom from her is taken yet it is not. This is what make the story believable the unchained freedom of feelings that is taboo for
Do you know that stormy weather that makes you want to get comfortable? In this story, the main character, Calixta, is interrelated with the setting of the story, “The Storm” by Kate Chopin. In “The Storm”, setting plays the role as a catalyst that ignites Alcee’s and Calixta’s passion that then runs parallel with the storm. As their relationship builds together, Calixta’s natural desires become fulfilled; which without an outlet on the ability to express our emotions and natural desires, conflicts and storms result in our lives.
Survival Artist was written by Eugene Bergman. This book is very good book to learn an individual record of his Holocaust survival as a deaf person. Despite the fact that Bergman, a resigned Gallaudet educator, is a deaf author, he didn 't encounter any deaf citizens or deaf culture until his arrival into the United States after WWII. He became deaf at nine years old as the consequence of an assault by a trooper not long after Germany attacked Poland during September 1939. The Nazi trooper assaulted him with the rifle, when he woke from concussion, he couldn’t hear anything ever again. The author pointed that he was able to speaking but not very well. He was explaining that his family later hired a Jewish-German outsider speech professor to instruct the young man how to read lips despite the fact that Bergman talked just Polish and Yiddish, which were incomprehensible to the instructor due to his early age. Obviously, the lessons fizzled. All through the conflict days, the youthful Bergman just could read lips and comprehend the expressions of his more established sibling, Bronek. Meanwhile, his endurance regularly relied on upon it, Bergman turned into a shrewd observer of individuals keeping in mind the end goal to comprehend the terrible environment which was during the Holocaust. Bergman survived during WWII with his knowledge of Polish and Yiddish spoken languages. He was able to reading lips by anyone who spoke these languages but not German.
Through their contrasting demonstrations of marital fidelity and infidelity, Eloisa from Alexander Pope’s poem Eloisa to Abelard and Calixta from the short story The Storm by Kate Chopin both submit to situations that trigger socially unacceptable actions to take place. These acts of loyalty and disloyalty towards their spouses are merely human sexual desires and passion that have been socially, morally, and religiously repressed. Chopin implies that Calixta’s act of adultery was the reason for her happiness, and in turn her family’s happiness. On the other hand, as shown in Pope’s poem, the disapproval of Eloisa’s family regarding their relationship caused Eloisa and her teacher Abelard to suffer horrible outcomes such as, the castration of Abelard. Although, the conflict of whether infidelity always results in negative consequences or not is a subject of debate.
Kate Chopin was a controversial writer, who wrote about women’s empowerment, sexuality, and relationships at a time when women had no voice in literature, in politics, or even within their marriage. Her short stories were well received by many critics and were published in most of America’s prestigious magazines, such as Vogue and the Atlantic Monthly. "The Storm," a short story about an extramarital affair in the South, is very sexually explicit, especially for the time it was written, in 1898. Unlike most of Kate Chopin’s short stories and both her novels, this story was not published until the 1960s, many years after it was written.
The Unexpected by Kate Chopin is a short story that was wrote in the Victorian ages. It is about the love and betrayal of two characters who are in love, Dorothea and Randall. Dorothea is a stereotypical Victorian women who is married to Randall, her husband.
The late 1800s were not a time of feministic literature being acceptable. The Victorian Era occurred at this time, where feministic ideas were not often written about, published, or even allowed to be talked about. During this time, men dominated and woman were expected to be submissive in all forms. Kate Chopin, however, took it upon herself to write short stories that went against these beliefs. Her stories show women challenging the restrictions of the traditional norms by fulfilling and satisfying their sexual desires. She used stories to change roles of women in society, the limitations and being oppressed. Kate Chopin uses her fiction to create social change.
In Name of the Wind, Patrick Rothfuss gives life to The Four Corners of Civilization through his storytelling. Storytelling gives the author an opportunity to show their experiences and reflect their beliefs within the world they are creating. During the time this book was being written, there was the Iraq and Afghanistan War taking place which had been sending many soldiers back home with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Rothfuss parallels this disorder within his book through the main character, Kvothe, when he experiences trauma and he shows how Kvothe copes with the persisting trauma through grief theory, “four doors of the mind” (135) . His four doors of the mind is similar to the Kubler-Ross Model, which is widely accepted by practitioners, but challenges it by believing the mind copes with pain through the central idea of numbing. However, this mindset of categorizing emotions experienced within grief can be destructive behavior towards any griever rather than helping them cope; stages of post-loss grief do not exist.
Everyone who reads a story will interpret things slightly different than the person who reads it before or after him or her. This idea plays out with most every story, book, song, and movie. These interpretations create conflict and allow people to discuss different ideas and opinions. Without this conflict of thought there is no one devoting time to debate the true meaning of a text. Kate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour” tells about a woman who is informed of her husbands death, processes the emotions, and becomes content with this new status as an individual person – losing all the expectations that society expected her to live by within a marriage. This story however is written in a way that the reader has the final interpretation of the text. There are many different interpretations on not only the reason for the main character’s death, but also on the overwhelming emotions that she faces.
Wassily Kandinsky was a Russian-born artist, whose contributions to the world of modern art are innumerable. On an artistic level, Kandinsky's maturation process from representational art to abstract art is fascinating. From his earliest work, with an impressionistic flair, to his later work, which was pure abstraction, Kandinsky was an innovator and a genius. He bridged the gap between reality painting of earlier decades and the fantasy pastime of the twentieth century.
Mark Rothko- Abstract Expressionist paintings can be divided into two groups. That of the action painters and that of the colour-field painters. As melancholic and misanthropic as Pollok, killing himself in 1970. Understood that to paint a flat form painting destroyed illusion and revealed truth. He was very aware of the spiritual dimensions attainable in abstract art, some of his works being described as deeply religious. (Hugh Honour & Fleming, 1991)
I first encountered Rothko's work at the Tate Modern gallery in London in 2008. When first examining his works, including other famous paintings such as Mural for End Wall' it struck me as a simplistic style, yet with its luminous rectangles and saturated colour, a sense of mystery was conveyed in a modern era. Moreover, on cream idilic walls, 'Light red over black' automatically illuminated from the walls in deep dark red, blues and blacks which led me to interpret his work as profoundly imbued with an emotional content that he articulated through a range of styles that had evolved from figurative to abstract. Furthermore, when examining this painting up close, the application of what seemed to be very thing layers of paint over each other, allowed the colours to radiate through, creating a sense of drama and light, despite the colours
Oroonoko is a novel by author Aphra Behn, in which Behn tried to illustrate the life of the African Prince, who was captured and made slave, Oroonoko. Behn offers criticism for the cruelest of Europeans, while still holding a bias against people of color. She ignores self-identity while focusing on the exotic other that fills the pages of her book. Though she tries to make the African character relatable, she maintains her sense of European superiority. She also portrays a somewhat accurate depiction of slavery and the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Finally she often relates religion and Christianity the lack of society and civilization or barbarianism. This work will prove the themes of otherness, European superiority, slavery and the slave trade, and religion as it relates to barbarianism.