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Osteomyelitis Research Paper

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Abstract
Osteomyelitis is a broad and debilitating disease typically triggered by a variety of conditions. Osteomyelitis starts off as inflammation seen within bone and bone marrow that can quickly progress into a large, subclassified infection. The length of time the infection has been present in the body and whether or not there is a pus formation or increased density among the infected bone is commonly used to classify severity. Pyrogenic bacteria or mycobacteria systematically attack the route and anatomic location of the infection evolving acute conditions into chronic ones. “Staphylococcus Aureus is a gram-positive, round shaped, non-mobile cocci typically found in clusters inside these wounds. Staphylococcus Aureus is one of the most common causes of infections after injury or surgery and affects nearly 500,000 patients in hospitals each year. Staphylococcus Aureus belongs to the family Staphylcoccaceae and survives by affecting all known mammalian species including humans” (www.news-medical.net). Osteomyelitis can start in one area of the body while spreading through the blood stream into other bone regions. Typical treatment options for Osteomyelitis includes antibiotics, removal of
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Bones can become infected with Osteomyelitis through the blood stream by an open fracture or surgical wound. “Only two out of every 10,000 people acquire Osteomyelitis in a lifetime. The condition affects children and adults but in different ways. Certain conditions and behaviors can weaken the immune system increasing an individual’s risk of obtaining Osteomyelitis such a diabetes mellitus, alcoholism, hemodialysis, rheumatoid arthritis, HIV/AIDS, sickle cell anemia, or a lack of blood supply (www.wedmd.com). In children, Osteomyelitis is usually acute and very easy to treat showing signs in the bones of the arms and legs. In adults, Osteomyelitis can also be acute or chronic and can persist due to a reoccurring medical
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