Osteoporosis And Incidence Of Osteoporosis

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Osteoporosis in aging women is an important topic. Of the estimated 10 million Americans with osteoporosis, about eight million or 80% are women (www.nof.org). This statistic show that osteoporosis is common and is a major public health issue. This devastating disease is prevalent among middle aged and older women. Research indicates that it is estimated that 200 million women have osteoporosis (Lane, 2006).This statistic is indication that all women should be concerned about this disease and how it can affect them as they age. After the age of 50 years the prevalence of osteoporosis and incidence of osteoporosis fractures rise substantially with age (Chua, Nandi, & Masud, 2011, p. 279) According to the American Academy of Orthopedic…show more content…
As the human species age, the bones in the body go through a process called remodeling. Remodeling, is when the bone cells dissolve (osteoclasts) and new bone cells grow back (osteoblasts). (www.oseofound.org). However, when osteoporosis has occurred the amount of bone loss increases faster than the growth of new bone. This results in the bones becoming porous, brittle and prone to fracture.
There are two types of risk factors that increases the likelihood of developing osteoporosis. The first type is fixed risks and the second type is modifiable risks. Some of the fixed risk factors are age, female gender and body size, family history, ethnicity, and Menopause/hysterectomy. A few modifiable risk factors are poor nutrition, vitamin D deficiency, insufficient exercise, low dietary calcium intake. Age is one leading factors in the development of this disease because bones become thinner as the body ages. Approximately one in two women over the age of 50 will break a bone because of osteoporosis (www.nof.org.). The female gender is another risk factor for developing this disease. Women are more likely to develop this because women tend to have smaller and thinner bones than men (Lane, 2006).
Family history is a risk factor because if someone in the family has osteoporosis or fractures a bone, this increases the likelihood that a member of that family will develop the disease. Women with a maternal history of hip
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