Osteoporosis Is A Condition That Causes Bone Loss Over Time

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Osteoporosis is a condition that causes bone loss over time. This means that your bones become less dense. The open spaces inside your bones get bigger, and the walls between these spaces become thinner. Osteoporosis means "porous bones." Osteoporosis affects the strength and durability of your bones. Your bones become weaker and more likely to break (fracture). If you have osteoporosis, your bones can become so weak they break from a minor accident, like a simple fall. The bones of your hip, wrist, and spine are most likely to break.

The exact cause of osteoporosis is not known. Several factors can lead to the disease, including:
• Age.
• A family history of the condition.
• Poor nutrition.
• Not being active.
• Certain medical conditions and the medications used to treat them.

Anyone can develop osteoporosis. You may be at greater risk if you have a family history of the condition. You may also have a higher risk if you are:
• Female.
• Age 50 or older.
• A smoker.
• Not active.
• White or Asian.
• Slender.

Osteoporosis often does not cause symptoms. A fracture might be the first sign of the disease, especially if it results from a fall or injury that would not usually break a bone. Other signs and symptoms include:
• Spine pain. This may be from vertebrae fractures.
• A curved or rounded upper back (kyphosis).
• Height loss from weakened vertebrae that have fractured and squeezed down (compressed).
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