Osteoporosis Is A Disease That Affects Men And Women

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1. Introduction
Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mineral density and the decay of bone fibers resulting in weaker bones; making bones deteriorated and vulnerable to fractures (Sharma and Khandelwal., 2010). Osteoporosis is a disease that affects men and women. According to a study half of the women and one-eighth of the men would suffer from bone fractures caused by osteoporosis during their life span (Anders, Tuner, and Freeman, 2013). Osteoporosis turns into a considerable health problem mainly for women after menopausal years; as women aged their Bone Mineral Density (BMD) decreases as the risks of bone fractures increase (Mendoza-Romo et al., 2014). Why are women at risk of developing osteoporosis? Bone health is directly
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In addition, alcohol intake and smoking are associated with the development of osteoporosis (He et al., 2012). Relatively, very little research has been done about the influences of previous bone injuries in premenopausal women from developing countries have on their BMD. Bone impairment due to fractures leads to a decrement in BMD. As stated by Al Quaiz et al.,(2014) the decrease in BMD leads to lack of mobility and it is related with high medical cost. This study emphasizes the attention that needs to be given to female population living in developing countries, especially those who suffer from bone fractures since the cost of medical treatment BMD is expensive. Is there something that can be done to help those with bone injuries history to increase BMD? If bone fractures are not treated during the premenopausal years there are greater possibilities of advanced BMD lost when post-menopause is reached. Further, research is needed to be done to evaluate BMD due to bone fractures could be enhanced.

Certainly, women living in rural areas of developing countries experience more bone fractures, which follows a decline in their BMD. The causes for this phenomenon are the lack of medical attention, lack of knowledge about bone health, and poverty issues affecting a balanced alimentation. Osteoporosis becomes a major health problem in
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