Osteoporosis Is An Intricate Chronic Disease

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Osteoporosis is an intricate chronic disease that regularly goes undetected for multiple years before symptoms such as a bone fracture occur (Huether & McCance, 2012). It is a disease that compromises bone density, making it porous and is a serious health threat to aging adults (Watts, 2011). According to Huether & McCance (2012), Osteoporosis is not necessarily a result of the aging progression but it is the most common disease that affects bone, and it is most common in elderly individuals. During osteoporosis, there is a point where new bone is not being made faster than the old bone is being reabsorbed, leaving the bones to be porous and weak, with low density. Eventually, the weak bone becomes so weak that it is unable to support…show more content…
Huether & McCance (2012) state that bone density is based on an individual’s T score, which is a score that measures bone mineral density. Usually the range of a healthy individual’s T score is anywhere between 0 and 2.5, with a score greater than 1, but lower than 2.5 an individual is conserved to have low bone density, with a score greater than 2.5, the individual is considered osteoporotic (Huether &McCance, 2012). Bones are supposed to be strong and support daily activities, and when bones become too weak to support functions the body undergoes, complications arise. Pathophysiology The pathophysiology of how strong bone becomes osteoporotic is an interesting process. The body is continuously trying to maintain a sense of homeostasis and keep every cell and organ within the body at a constant state of happiness. During the homeostatic process, cells of bone are continuously undergoing processes of formation and resorption. This all-inclusive progression of building up bone occurs throughout life and is the key in modifying bones during trauma or just natural growth (Van der Kamp, 2012). Bone cells that assist with formation of bone are called osteoclasts, and bone cells that assist with the resorption of bone are called osteoclasts. According to Susan Van der Kamp (2012) when bone is being modified, osteoclasts are driven to the site of modification so they can reabsorb bone. Once the osteoclasts are finished, they usually undergo programmed cell death and
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