Ottoman Brotherhood Essay examples

1205 Words5 Pages
Notions of Brotherhood throughout the Late Ottoman Period: In Ottoman Brothers, Michelle Campos attempts to dispel the misconceived notion of the role of ‘ethnic nationalisms’ in the last Islamic Empires disintegration. By utilizing a wide range of sources, Campos illustrates how the Ottoman Empire was far from a ‘prison of nations’, where ‘natural nationalisms’ slowly deteriorated the national composition. That it was, in contrast, a melting pot of ethnicities sharing in the faith of newly acquired liberties. Campos’s specific focus on Twentieth-Century Palestine highlights the broader challenges faced by the evolving empire as a whole. Amongst these challenges is the overall failure of the Ottoman bureaucracy to deliver the promises…show more content…
The Ottoman Revolution of 1908 had drastically shifted the political nature of empire. The CUP’s reinstation of the constitution transformed Ottoman residents from subjects under imperial rule to contributing citizens of a nation. In short, it was a definitive step away from the Old World notions of imperialism, and a step towards a ‘new age’ of modern nation-status. Inevitably, this transformation had residual effects. While the press remained stifled under the previous Hamidian regime, it flourished in this new system. Thus, political rights guaranteed within the constitution were communicated widely throughout the empire. As a result, Ottoman populations started to become increasingly aware and active in their participation within the new nation. An effective articulation of what it meant to be an Ottoman was amongst the chief concerns following the revolution. This task was a daunting challenge due to the diverse make-up of the vast empire. For example, Palestine during this period was composed of various groups of Muslims, Jews and Christians. And within these religious groups were differences in ethnic, social, and economic status. However, a common strand running through the majority of Ottoman citizens was their loyalty to the state and enthusiasm of its future. Despite their differences, various organizations sprang up to support the ethos captured in the new constitution. In what Campos deems ‘Civic Ottomanism’, Christians, Muslims and Jews all
Get Access