Our Attempts to Control the Natural World and the Environmental Crisis

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Our Attempts to Control the Natural World and the Environmental Crisis

As reports of ecological degradation increase around the world, human concern about environmental issues is also heightening. Scientists, philosophers and others have all begun the process of determining the causes of the environmental crisis and trying to sort out how to fix these problems. In this essay, I would like to examine two of the most widely expounded philosophies on the cause of environmental degradation in the
Western hemisphere. The first philosophy states that the Judeo-Christian religious tradition is primarily to blame while the second philosophy labels technology as the main culprit of the environmental crisis. I will argue that neither
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Since Dorel, Moncrief and Pojman all addressed the problems with Lynn White's theory, I will not take up space in debating the issue. However, I think it is important to begin with the common understanding that White's theory is not adequately grounded in factual reality.

Clearly, the religious argument does not provide a full explanation for environmental degradation but what about the theory that technology is to blame? Over the past few decades, many scholars and philosophers have suggested that the main cause of the environmental crisis lies in the increased use of technology, which separates mankind from the natural world. In evaluating this philosophy, I think it is useful to look at the writings of Tiles and Oberdiek. In the book Living in a Technological Culture, Tiles and Oberdiek argue the premise that technology is not value-neutral but neither is it entirely to blame for environmental issues. Instead, they define technologies as "ways of doing and making which are both affected by and affect ways of thinking" (Tiles and Oberdiek 10). In other words, the technologies might affect the environment and human lifestyles but technology serves primarily as a reflection of human values, rather than serving as a creator of values.
Technology did not come out of a vacuum; it was created by humans as a result of the desire for progress and a better life.

Rather than blaming technology or religion for the environmental problems in today's world,
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