With a mission statement such as this, why would a school district continue to implement discipline to the students that harms the educational process? The answer is bureaucracy. School districts are a bureaucracy and they want to remain in power. Administrators, board members, and trustees stick together in hopes to preserve the bureaucracy. Regardless, out of school suspension is shown to be ineffective at remedying an insubordination student, used unfairly against minorities, and harmful to a student’s learning (Blomberg).
Student behavior and discipline in the classroom have been impacted by legislation and litigation as was discussed in an article written by Mitchell Yell and Michael Rozalski, The Impact of Legislation and Litigation on Disciple and Student Behavior in the Classroom. The authors believe that all students should receive their education in safe, orderly, and well-disciplined schools but maintaining these environments has become a major challenge for educators (Yell, M & Rozalski, M, 2008). Most states have laws that govern discipline in schools which also protect the rights of students in public education (Yell, et.al, 2008). These state laws control the actions of school officials when they carry out certain discipline-related functions, such as gathering evidence (e.g., searching students, their lockers, or their personal property), seizing contraband from students’ backpacks, or conducting any administrative actions that restrict a student’s property interest to attend school (e.g., suspension, expulsion) (Yell, et.al, 2008). A student’s entitlement under state law to a public education is
(a) This study examines out-of-school suspensions in the 9th grade and their effect on high school and post-secondary outcomes. This analyses also examines demographic disparities in school suspensions, their relationship to poverty and their contribution to high school graduation and post-secondary attainment gaps.
Racial disparities in school discipline have garnered recent attention in national reports issued by the U.S. Department of Education and Justice (U.S. Department of Education, 2014; Gregory, Hafen, Ruzek, Mikami, Allen, & Pianta, 2016). Suspension rates Black students are two to three times higher than those from other racial and ethnic groups. Various research has documented that Black students remain overrepresented in school discipline sanctions after accounting for their achievement, socioeconomic status, and teacher- and self-reported behavior (Gregory et al, 2016). There is a difference as to the reasons why White students are sent to the office versus Black students. Black students are sent to the office for subjective reasons such as “disrespect” and “perceived threat”, while White students are more than likely to be referred for more objective reasons including, smoking, vandalism, and leaving school without permission. (Gregory, et al, 2016). African Americans and especially African American boys, are more likely to be disciplined and often receive more out-of-school suspensions and expulsions than white students (Todd Rudd, 2014). Suspending students is taking away time from them being in the classroom. Students who receive suspensions, lose instructional time, fall behind on course work, become discouraged, and ultimately drop out…recent research has shown each suspension a student receives can decrease their odds for high graduation by any
School data suggests that the decision to suspend or excel a student depends on several factors including prior history of the student, particulars of the situation, and the teacher’s ability to manager classroom behavior (Skiba, 2003). However observations of classroom behavior show that the majority of students removed from urban classrooms were not primarily due to dangerous or major infractions of disciplinary policies and usually they weren’t even the worst offenders.
Studies have also found a correlation between exclusionary discipline and (1) increased school avoidance, (2) decreased academic engagement, (3) an increased rate of dropouts, (4) increased behavioral problems, and (5) increased involvement with the juvenile justice system. School administrators have the right to want to develop a safe climate for their students and teachers and remove threats from their schools. However, serious threats from students are rare. Nearly 60 percent of the suspensions and expulsions administered in HPS in 2009-2010 were administered for school policy violations—a category that includes things like insubordination, profanity, sleeping in class, and truancy—not serious safety concerns like violence against others or weapons.
According to information obtained in Detroit Free Press Michigan has data showing that Michigan suspends at least a thousand students in the state each year (Higgins, Tanner, 2016). Last school year, Michigan alone had suspended more than 1,300 students (Higgins, Tanner, 2016). Suspensions for schools have a distinct meaning. It the forced action of taking a student out of educational premises for an agreed upon time because of inappropriate action of the student (Department of Education, 2016). Each school has its own written code of conduct for discipline. The court case San Antonio v. Rodriguez says education in the United States is a right (Black, 2015). An examination of the due process requirements afforded students in short and long-term
Do administrators of schools every see the child's? Does suspension increase dropout rates? Is there ever a since of justice for the child? Since schools first came to be they have always suspended students without questioning or reasoning in a comfortable environment.Although school suspension is way for the child to be isolated and think about what they have done, schools should get rid of school suspension because this makes the student feel as though there voice is being heard in the matter, since the student is in a more safe and cozy environment the student will reveal what happened, this will prevent higher dropout and school suspension rates.
The following discussion of practice and policy related issues found within the article puritan to a “qualitative” study “conducted in the Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota metropolitan area from September 2009 to May 2012” (Gibson & Haight, 2013, p.264). The main objective of the study was to evaluate the “culturally nuanced” definitions and perceptions on out-of-school suspensions; In hopes of discovering new ways in which “schools and families can work together to decrease racial disparities in out-of-school suspensions” (Gibson & Haight, 2013, p. 263). Thirty participants were interviewed within their own homes through “in-depth, individual, and audiotaped interviews.” (Gibson & Haight, 2013, p. 263). In reviewing the study interviews, a few practice-related issues were discussed, concerning educators lack of understanding of cultural diversity among their students, as well as school personnel 's failure to fully listen to each individual 's concerns when addressing discipline issues.
Out of school suspensions (OSS) are often enforced with the assumption that students receiving the suspension are less likely to repeat the problem behavior in the future. However, this has been proven to be false. Suspending a student for engaging in a certain behavior does not in fact serve as a deterrent from the behavior but as a deterrent from attending school instead. In actuality, receiving just a single suspension can increase the probability of a student experiencing academic failure, school dropout, and involvement in the juvenile justice system. Knowing this, some educators still believe that for many students, suspension can serve as an effective lesson. One of the greatest concerns that educators and administrators face is the matter of classroom management. It is part of their job to ensure a safe, productive and supportive classroom allowing students to learn and grow to their greatest potential. Though there are several strategies gauged towards managing a classroom, the most severe offences often lead to either in or out of school suspension. Some of the largest concerns faced with out of school suspensions is that they are often ineptly applied, used unfairly against students of color and seemingly ineffective at producing better behavior. Also known as exclusionary discipline, the majority of offenses that led to OSS have not been centered around violence but instead emphasised issues of classroom insubordination and defiance. In some rather extreme cases
Has your child ever been suspended? Ever been friends with a kid who has been supended? If so you most likely know, it has no good affect. Schools have been suspending students seemingly forever, and it makes sense. It’s simple, cheap, and easy, whereas lunch or after-school detention can be problematic and difficult, and alternative options require money the school simply does not want to spend. Although students will not be able to see their friends everyday, and may feel left out from school activities, suspension is an ineffective punishment because students see it as a vacation, it increases dropout rate, and it makes students more hostile, or problematic.
When a student gets suspended it is usually because, a teacher did not want to deal with the problem the student had caused. So instead of handling this problem they kick that student out of school for a few days. If teachers were to actually deal with the problem and find out why the student had caused it then maybe the student would not become a problem again. People who like suspension will say that it helps that child know what they did wrong but, it really does not. Do you think the child goes home, sits and cries about what they did wrong? I doubt it. We do not want to create anymore enemies for the children than they are already going to get so we should not use suspension as a
School discipline is to ensure that students and the campus staff are safe and peaceful. According to the U.S. Department of Education on Rethinking Discipline (2017), “Teachers and students deserve school environments that are safe, supportive, and conducive to teaching and learning.” The idea is to decrease bad behavior and school violence which will lead to fewer suspensions and expulsions. There are rules and limitations when it comes to student discipline; there are acts in which students can and must be disciplined. For examples, if a student quality’s for special needs some different guidelines protect them under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act’s (IDEA). Furthermore, the Education Code, Section 48900 was implied to discipline students who committed any wrongful doing such as attempting or threatening to physical harm another person. In the case f any wrongfulness, the student is forced to be disciplined by being suspended or expulsed from school.
Suspensions are perceived as something good, but aren’t. Surveys continue to show that parents, principals, and administrators all favor suspension. They think it keeps those students that have misbehaved and need consequences away and in trouble. When really the child isn’t actually affected by it, and sometimes the child is still allowed to walk into the school. Some principals only rely on it because it partially creates the appearance that they know how to handle the situation. On the contrary, suspensions are a consequence for a child’s behavior, it stands to reason
How do suspensions aid students? Do students act better after a suspension? Will suspensions ever be replaced? Suspensions have been used as a way to take care of situations in schools ever since its creation. It’s a simple and quick solution to problems that may occur. But, is suspending students the right option? Although in certain situations, students need to be suspended, suspensions should be changed, because they lead to more dropouts, can be used incorrectly, and counseling and support have proven to work better.