Outcomes Of The Egyptian Education System

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The outcomes of the Egyptian education system, in general, and public education system, in particular, didn’t bring their expected rewards due to two main reasons: labor-market contraction and/or these outcomes do not match labor-market demand and needs.
While labor-market contraction is related to the weakness and malfunction in the investment and political climate and the inefficiency of the financial market, providers of education services are responsible for the mismatch between the available labor-force and labor-market demand. The Egyptian labor-market is saturated with low quality workforce with secondary, upper secondary and tertiary education (a university degree). This leads to high rates of unemployment and wide range of underemployment.
Where public education provides the vast majority of educated workforce in Egypt, as it contains almost 90% of students enrolled in pre-university’s stages and almost 80% of students enrolled in higher education in Egypt (Author’s calculation based on: Ministry of Education, “Statistical Yearbook 2013-2014”; and Ministry of Higher Education, “Information Unit’s Periodical 2011”), it can be said that public education is responsible for the low quality of education output and the mismatch between labor-force and labor-market.

Providing education service by the Egyptian government followed the same trend of other public sector companies, as they started successfully and then the level of performance started to decrease
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