Outline of the Basic Principles of Sentencing Essay

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Outline of the Basic Principles of Sentencing

Legal system is one of the most important parts of the Government, which directly affects the society and people in the society; as a result, researchers and criticisers have always inspected it.

This essay will outline the basic principles of sentencing in United Kingdom. There are five general aims or functions or justifications of punishment in the UK’s legal system, which are:


Retribution rests on the notion that if a person has knowingly done wrong, he or she deserves to be punished.

This idea was at the heart of the previous Conservative Government’s White Paper” Crime, Justice and Protecting the Public”. The Government
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Remorse is another consequence of Rehabilitation, which will happen as result of self-awareness after experiencing education and hearing some advices from other people.

This can include various types of assistance provided in prison or in the course of a probation order, which are intended to help the offender to improve his social skills, his employment prospects, or his capacity after welfare benefits.

Rehabilitation is affected by:

· Individual sentence

· Community penalty, i.e. a Community Service Order, Probation Order or Combination Order.


Protection of the public is one of the major justifications claimed for punishment.

For example, imprisonment leads to the incapacitation of offenders so that they are prevented (at least temporarily) from offending against the public at large.

Protecting the public is so important that Capital punishment will be given in some cases.

This aim is affected by:

· Death penalty for murder

· Long prison sentence

· Electronic tagging


Reparation is a procedure to help victims come to terms. In fact, it is a good way to compensate both financial and physical damages, however physical damages sometimes cannot be compensated for instance, when someone dies as a result of the injuries made by

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